Ophiolite complexes essay

Sequence of rocks simplified from R. However, the circum-Pacific orogenic belts bear ophiolites of widely varying ages, including at least two pulses early Paleozoic and Mesozoic.

Cordilleran ophiolites are named for the Cordillera mountain belts of western North America. The sedimentary cover correspond to Layer 1, basaltic pillow lava matches Layer 2, sheeted dikes and gabbro with occasional plagiogranite intrusions are correlated to Layer 3, and ultramafic cumulates and residual mantle peridotite represent Layer 4 mantle.

The younger Mikabu and Setogawa-Mineoka ophiolites underlies the Jurassic accretionary complexes in the Pacific coastal areas. Ophiolites are common in orogenic belts of Mesozoic age, like those formed by the closure of the Tethys Ocean. This interval corresponds to the later half of the Mesozoic ophiolite pulse Fig.

Ophiolites are characterized by a classic sequence of rocks. This Ophiolite complexes essay may be formed by underplating of the accreted oceanic material and trench-fill sediments beneath the overlying SSZ lithosphere ophiolite and subsequent underplating of the younger SSZ-trench system.

Ophiolites with compositions comparable with hotspot -type eruptive settings or normal mid-oceanic ridge basalt are rare, and those examples are generally strongly dismembered in subduction zone accretionary complexes.

Ophiolite is interpreted to be thrust sheet of ancient oceanic lithosphere which has been obducted over the continental crust in the course of orogeny. These ophiolites are not associated with a passive continental margin and sit on subduction zone accretionary complexes subduction complexes.

In general, ophiolitic basalt also varies from alkali basalt or high-alumina basalt like mid-ocean ridge basalt MORB through low-alumina basalt like island-arc tholeiite IAT to boninite high-magnesian andesite in correspondence with the petrologic variation of the underlying members Fig.

However, supra-subduction zone SSZ ophiolites are more closely related to island arcs than to ocean ridges, and are formed by rapid extension of fore-arc crust during subduction initiation followed by rebound of the continental crust carrying forearc lithosphere ophiolite atop it.

Consequently, some of the classic ophiolite occurrences thought of as being related to seafloor spreading Troodos in Cyprus, Semail in Oman were found to be "SSZ" ophiolites, formed by rapid extension of fore-arc crust during subduction initiation.

Ophiolite pulses Reported formation ages of ophiolites show three distinct peaks at aboutand Ma, respectively Fig. The study concluded that oceanic and ophiolitic velocity structures were identical, pointing to the origin of ophiolite complexes as oceanic crust.

Rocks originating on the seafloor show chemical composition comparable to unaltered ophiolite layers, from primary composition elements such as silicon and titanium to trace elements. Ophiolite Belts in the World 1. Such "Confucian" ophiolite belts are also present in Japan and northeastern Russia, and forms "circum-Pacific Phanerozoic multiple ophiolite belts".

Basalt and gabbro are commonly altered to patchy green rocks, and peridotite is mostly changed into black, greasy serpentinite. These ophiolites sit on subduction zone accretionary complexes subduction complexes and have no association with a passive continental margin.

This may be due to continuous, subduction-induced, accretionary orogeny that have taken place in the circum-Pacific areas from early Paleozoic to the present, showing contrast to the episodic, short-lived, collisional orogeny in the continental areas.

List of ophiolites

The stratigraphic sequences observed in some ophiolites suggest origins in lithosphere-forming, spreading centers at mid-oceanic ridges.The geochemistry and composition of peridotite rock-forming minerals from blocks in the serpentinite mélange of Karaginskii Island have been studied.

The composition features of the rock-forming. METALLOGENETIC MAPS OF THE OPHIOLITE BELTS OF THE WESTERN UNITED STATES By Jocelyn A.

Peterson INTRODUCTION Ophiolite is a distinctive assemblage of mafic and ultramafic rocks which form a sequence, from bottom to ultramafic complexes, result from weathering and emplacement of ophiolites (Coleman, ).

Ophiolite Complexes. Ophiolite complexes are the suite of rocks that became the product of the spreading centers of plate boundaries. Ophiolites or “snake stones” are originally coined by Alexandre Brongniart in mainly because of its green rocks comprising of serpentine and diabase. Ophiolite and oceanic lithosphere Ophiolite is a stratified igneous rock complex composed of upper basalt member, middle gabbro member and lower peridotite member (Fig.

1). Some large complexes measure more than 10 km thick, km wide and km long.

The Zambales Ophiolite Complex, which is made up of three massifs—Masinloc, Cabangan and San Antonio, was generated in a subduction-related marginal basin. Ophiolites and Their Origins INTRODUCTION of sheeted dike complexes, fossil magma chambers in plutonic sequences, and refractory harzbur- evolution of different ophiolite types, the emplacement mechanisms of .

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Ophiolite complexes essay
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